Learning Skills:. Subscribe to our FREE newsletter and start improving your life in just 5 minutes a day. Critical thinking is the ability to think clearly and rationally, understanding the logical connection between ideas. Critical thinking has been the subject of much debate and thought since the time of early Greek philosophers such as Plato and Socrates and has continued to be a subject of discussion into the modern age, for example the ability to recognise fake news. Critical thinking might be described as the ability to engage in reflective and independent thinking. In essence, critical thinking requires you to use your ability to reason.
How Does Bloom's Taxonomy Relate to Critical Thinking Information?
Definition and Examples of Critical Thinking
Critical thinking is the analysis of facts to form a judgment. Critical thinking is self-directed , self-disciplined , self- monitored , and self- corrective thinking. It entails effective communication and problem-solving abilities as well as a commitment to overcome native egocentrism   and sociocentrism. The earliest records of critical thinking are the teachings of Socrates recorded by Plato. These included a part in Plato's early dialogues, where Socrates engages with one or more interlocutors on the issue of ethics such as question whether it was right for Socrates to escape from prison. Socrates established the fact that one cannot depend upon those in "authority" to have sound knowledge and insight. He demonstrated that persons may have power and high position and yet be deeply confused and irrational.
An example of critical thinking is analyzing a novel based on evidence. An example of critical thinking is someone who is willing to examine previously held beliefs, opinions, or assumptions and objectively weigh them against facts—admitting when a lack of understanding or information impairs the decision making process and adjusting conclusions as needed to accommodate the introduction of new information. Our units of study are designed to stimulate critical thinking about the topic by both you and your students.
Bloom's taxonomy is a very well-known classification of learning. Educators use Bloom's when creating curriculum as a way of defining the level of cognitive thinking skills they want students to exhibit when learning specific material. Higher order thinking skills like application and analysis are generally tied to more upper-division curriculum, while lower order thinking skills like knowledge and comprehension are found in objectives of lower-division courses. Lower order thinking skills as evidenced on the classification pyramid developed by Benjamin Bloom in include knowledge, comprehension, and application. Activities that utilize these kinds of thinking skills will show that the student can recite information, facts, and dates and organize the information to solve problems by applying basic concepts to reach solutions.