Robotic surgery literature review

Minimally invasive surgery MIS is widely regarded as the standard of care in the treatment of initial lung cancer and mediastinal malignancies. Minimally invasive lobectomy using a video assisted approach was first reported 25 years ago 1. The evidence available comparing video-assisted thoracic surgery VATS to open thoracotomy suggests reduced morbidity, length of stay and postoperative pain favoring the minimally invasive approach with no difference regarding oncologic outcomes 2 - 7. Due to these results VATS is strongly recommended by guidelines as the first option in the surgical treatment of lung cancer and other thoracic malignancies 8 , 9. Paradoxically, implementation of VATS has been slow and even after decades of experience with this method open thoracotomy has remained the most common approach in the surgical treatment of thoracic diseases 10 , Bi-dimensional vision and limited instrument maneuverability may result in imprecise dissections and a difficult learning curve which in part explains the stagnation of VATS worldwide.
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Robotic-Assisted Surgery: A Question of Value

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Literature Review On Surgical Robots - Words | Bartleby

Skip to Main Content. A not-for-profit organization, IEEE is the world's largest technical professional organization dedicated to advancing technology for the benefit of humanity. Use of this web site signifies your agreement to the terms and conditions. A literature review: robots in medicine Abstract: Robotic systems employed in the laboratory, in rehabilitation, and in surgery are reviewed. The advantages of using a robot system over manual procedures in the laboratory to prepare samples is discussed, and some of the obstacles are noted.
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Robotic surgery of the liver: Italian experience and review of the literature

Laparoscopic surgery has established itself as a safe and effective alternative to open surgery for the treatment of colorectal cancer. However, laparoscopic resection of rectal cancer, and in particular of the lower rectum, remains challenging in view of the limitations of operating in the confined pelvic space, limited movement of instruments with fixed tips, assistant-dependant two-dimensional view, easy camera fogging, and poor ergonomics. The introduction of robotic surgery and its application in particular to pelvic surgery, has potentially resolved many of these issues. To define the role of robotic surgery in total mesorectal excision for rectal cancer, a review of the current literature was performed using PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, and Google databases, identifying clinical trials comparing short-term outcomes of conventional laparoscopic total mesorectal excision with the robotic approach. Robotic surgery for rectal cancer is a safe alternative to conventional laparoscopy.
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Despite the anterior vaginal compartment being the most common site of pelvic organ prolapse, the loss of apical support is typically associated with more severe forms of prolapse, especially when it extends beyond the hymen. Restoration of apical support is critical when repairing advanced pelvic organ prolapse, and helps to prevent failures in the other compartments 3 , 4. A recent 7-year longitudinal study following up on women who had laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy reported only a 3. A minimally-invasive approach to sacrocolpopexy using standard laparoscopic instruments emerged in the mids and was quickly touted as superior to ASC due to shorter recovery time, reduced pain and complications
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