In: Philosophy and Psychology. Presentation of Rawls Back track: original position is "to set up fair procedure to which any decisions that are made will be just. Second: social and economic inequalities are to be arranged so that they are both a reasonably expected to be to everyone's advantage, and b attached to positions and offices open to all. He believes utilitarianism can negatively effect individual rights because maximizing happiness for an individual may involve removing certain rights from other individuals. Everything you heard is his answer to how happiness to a degree can be achieved since utilitarianism is one of the most scrutinized theories because in many cases, i believe promotes Liberalism in some sense.
A Critical Discussion of the Theory of Justice by John Rawls
Justice is almost impossible to define. It has no social indicators. We realise when things go wrong or bad but not when things are right or good. We can define war but not peace; similarly, we can define injustice but not justice. He is a Contractarian and hence designed his work based on the social contract theory.
Please join StudyMode to read the full document. John Rawls bases his Theory of Justice on the intuitive conviction that justice as fairness is the first virtue of social institutions. He argues that in order to ensure fair distributions of advantages in society, a workable set of principles are required in order to determine how institutions ought to distribute rights and duties and to establish a clear way to address competing claims to social advantages. The second principle that Rawls develops stipulates that economic and social inequalities are justifiable so long as the requirements of fair equality of opportunity have been met and if they benefit the worst off in society.