Acute lymphoblastic leukemia is cancer of the white blood cells. These immature cells multiply, and then damage and kill normal red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. This then spreads to other organs throughout the body, causing a decrease of effectiveness and eventually a complete shutdown of the body if not treated. This cancer is most common in children with an onset between the ages of two and five years, and another peak occurs in old ate. The cause is damage done to the DNA possibly associated with exposure to radiation and chemicals. There is also a type of leukemia called secondary leukemia developed from previous radiation or chemotherapy exposure during prior cancer treatment.
Acute Lymphoblastic Leukaemia - Case Study Example
Emotional/Behavioral problems in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia: a case-control study
A 16 year old Malay boy, named Mohammad, presented to the emergency department of General Hospital Malacca on 07 January at AM with fever, joint pain and loss of appetite. He was accompanied by his mother. His mother said that his fever was on and off for the last 2 months and with episode of high grade fever for 2 days in a week. Mohammad was alert, conscious, can speak in full sentences, pale, and not tachypneic. He has no palpable lymph node. Respiratory has clear and equal air entry, CVS showed Dual Rhythm No Murmur, abdomen soft, non-tender and a palpable spleen of about 4cm.
Case Study: Neoplastic Disease (Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia)
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A year-old female presented to the emergency department with severe headaches, dyspnea on exertion, and petechiae on the lower extremities. A bone marrow biopsy was performed and showed 90 percent lymphoid blasts. Metaphase cytogenetics showed a normal female karyotype. FISH for bcr-abl was positive. The patient was subsequently diagnosed with pre-B acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
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