Direct Oral Anticoagulants in Obesity: An Updated Literature Review
Has childhood obesity increased, if so what factors have led to this? Child obesity is a serious problem with potentially profound health and social consequences, not least the increased risk becoming an obese adult Philips, F. New research suggests that childhood obesity is on the rise and the health risks for obese children may be even greater than previously estimated BBC News, Anon, The cause of childhood obesity differs throughout research; they range from a lack of education about food, limited cooking skills and limited money to buy healthier food to longer working hours and marketing campaigns for junk food aimed at kids BBC News, Anon, Philips shows evidence of short-term and long-term health consequences, for example short-term: Social and Psychological, Long term: Medical, asthma, joint problems, fatty liver.
The purpose of this paper is to review past research literature regarding the relationship between depression and obesity. Three common themes found in past research are discussed in depth, these include: investigating the trend in the association between depression and obesity, if obesity can lead to later development of depression, and whether depression can lead to later development of obesity. After analyzing and synthesizing past research results, new associations were discovered: there is a u-shaped trend between BMI and depression, and proper categorical BMI should be used regarding this relationship; there is a possible causal relationship between obesity and subsequent depression, especially in boys; and there is a possible causal relationship between depression and subsequent obesity, especially in girls. In conclusion, opportunities for further research were discovered. Future studies need to investigate the exact causal relationships between obesity and depression, the gender interaction on risk factors, and possible ethnic variations in depression and BMI.