Skip to search form Skip to main content You are currently offline. Some features of the site may not work correctly. Reddy Published Biology Current Science Though the importance of science and technology for rural India was appreciated in the s by Gandhi, giving rise to the work of the Centre for Science for Villages, advanced institutions of education, science and technology turned their attention to this area only in the s. The most well-known of these efforts was from the Indian Institute of Science with its programme for the application of science and technology to rural areas known by its acronym ASTRA.
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Much has already been written about the linkage between science and technology, and the validity of using non-patent citations in patents as a measurement of the bond between them. In this article, Research Trends presents the current thinking on this topic, as well as our own standpoint on the use and limitations of citation data from patents. In early citation studies, technological progress was viewed as more or less a direct result of scientific progress.