I added ' as of , no registration has been published. Please rectify if this is incorrect. But dont Scandinavian states have both a single-tier board of directors and co-determination even directly by unions? Then whats the point of this:"In states with these provisions, the corporation has two boards, a management board which handles the day-to-day operation of the company and the supervisory board which elects and oversees the management board, and reports back to shareholders and employees. This division is effected in part to avoid direct involvement of employee representatives in day-to-day management. Companies in states without worker involvement provisions tend to have unitary boards of directors instead.
Cross-border demerger of legal persons - Speculations from the point of...
Lammel, Stefan Dr. - Friedrich Graf von Westphalen
It has its own legal framework and can operate as a single entity throughout the EU. In , the EU adopted, after some 30 years of negotiations, the regulation on the Statute for a European Company and the associated directive on employee participation in European Companies. This legislation entered into force in It aims to cut companies' administrative costs, provides them with a legal structure suitable for their cross-border activities within the EU, and helps them avoid some of the legal and practical constraints arising from 28 different legal systems.
I just joined the research group of Prof. Aileen Adele at the TU Dortmund where I will focus on social heterogeneity in the context of language learning using large-scale and modeling approaches. Our new research article Big data suggest strong constraints of linguistic similarity on adult language learning was published November 14 I uploaded the final accepted manuscript here and to Research Gate or send me an email for a copy. The dataset is available at Zenodo.
They may be established and may operate throughout the European Economic Area including the European Economic Community. The legal form was created to remove the need for cooperatives to establish a subsidiary in each Member state of the European Union in which they operate, and to allow them to move their registered office and headquarters freely from one Member State to another, keeping their legal identity and without having to register or wind up any legal persons. No matter where they are established, SCEs are governed by a single EEA -wide set of rules and principles which are supplemented by the laws on co-operatives in each Member State, and other areas of law.